In ancient Greece where Hippocrates (460-370 BCE), the father of medicine, resided, the medical science was based on the use and application of herbs from the Greek landscape.
In classical Greek science and medicine, everything in the universe has its inherent nature and temperament, or balance of the Four Basic Qualities: Hot, Cold, Wet, and Dry.
This marks the basis of how Greek Medicine analyzes the natures and properties of herbs.
In order to calibrate more precisely how Hot, Cold, Wet or Dry an herb was, Galen introduced a system of four degrees for each of the Four Basic Qualities.
This allowed the doctor and pharmacist to formulate and prescribe more the medicinal methods.
Greek medicine's holistic healing philosophy says that Man is fundamentally a result of nature or the natural environment. Health resides in harmony with nature, and when this harmony and equilibrium is perturbed, disease courses the existence. This lost harmony and integration are restored by therapy.
Herbs have been regarded as magic and were commonly used as a valuable addition to conventional medicine throughout Greece up to this date.
Greece is famous for its natural herbs and spices. It is not surprising that in Greek cooking is all about the herbs; its fragrances are spread in every Island.
Many specific advanced and effective herbal formulations are used in therapy in Greek Medicine, designed to deliver full healing power to the dysfunction location.
Herbal teas, tablets or powders are mixed and matched with specific regular preparations such as syrups or tinctures which are kept at hand. Often used are external or topical forms of treatment, such as compresses, ointments, salves, cataplasms or poultices, and fomentations.
Greek medicine is based on the concept of Medicatrix Naturae ( Latin ) - that Mother Nature is a healing goddess.
The cures are to be found in the biosphere for all man's ills, or the realm of nature which heals itself.
The weather, climate, and environmental factors do need to be taken into account in herbal prescription.
For example, if the weather or season is cold, there must be more warmth in nature than if the chills are stuck in relatively hot weather, a mechanism to warm the body and disperse chills.